The municipality of Nordeste is located on the north shore / northeast of S. Miguel Island between Ribeira da Salga (to the west) and the Grota da Fonte (to the east). It is surrounded by the county of Ribeira Grande to the west and the east and south (by the mountains) by Povoação. Its total area is 101 km2, more precisely 10,151 hectares.
We can distinguish in its current area two distinct areas namely: the eastern, between Ribeira “Despe-te-que-Suas” and Lombo Gordo and the west between Ribeira da Salga and the aforementioned Ribeira “Despe-te-que-Suas”. The first is quite mountainous and culminates with Pico da Vara, the highest altitude of the island of São Miguel, with 1,105 m. The second is plateau and contains lower altitude differences than the last. The western part of the county view of Salga, suggests a vast plateau in the background framed by Pico da Vara.
Constitution of the county
The municipality of Nordeste has 10,151 hectares (101 km2 about) and consists of nine parishes:
– Nordeste (County Seat, includes the locales of Pedreira and Vila);
– Lomba da Fazenda (Lomba da Cruz and Fazenda);
– São Pedro;
– Santo António;
– Santana (Large and Small Fern Fern);
Temperate and mild, the tiny temperature fluctuations between winter (average 14ºC) and summer (22 ° C).
Nordeste County is home to about 4950 people (Censos 2011), a population density that increases in urban areas.
Nordeste County is characterized by being a healthy rural county whose population lives mainly from agriculture and livestock.
The Silviculture is an activity that also holds some hand labor and industry of woods and blocks. Also the emergence of contractors in the county, more jobs were created.
The Handicraft has some weight here and is represented by a unique institution in the Azores which is the Casa de Trabalho do Nordeste, famous for its quilts and regional blankets woven in wool and linen handloom.
In the parish of Salga more properly in the Dona Tibéria store (Folha de Milho) one can find figures and flowers in maize leaf, fig crumb and fish scales and hats in reed straw manually made by the owner and her own daughter.
Also throughout the County there are people who are dedicated to basketry activity (osier).